Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a set of principles for curriculum development that give all individuals equal opportunites to learn.
UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone -- not a single, 'one size fits all' solution, but rather, flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs.
Three Principles of UDL
Principle 1: provide multiple means of representation (the 'what' of learning)
- Present information using multiple media varied supports
- Powerpoints, hands-on activities and verbal instruction
Principle 2: provide multiple means of action and expression (the 'how' of learning)
- Give students options to expressing what they know (i.e., presentation, video, written paper, exam, project)
- Provide models, feedback and support
Principle 3: provide multiple means of engagement (the 'why' of learning)
- Give students choices to fuel interest
- Help risk mistakes and learn from them
Scenario - "Write a paragraph about how the circulatory system works."
UDL solution - "Describe a complete circulatory system cycle."
Can be done several ways:
- Create a diagram
- Label images
- Write out each of the steps
- Make a short video explaining the process
Allows student to demonstrate understanding in multiple ways and increases engagement.
Media and materials
Use videos, audio, images and text to present information
Create accessible open education resources such as Khan Academy.